Genetically Modified Foods GMO in New Zealand

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Current state of GM foods within New Zealand:

Some foods sold in New Zealand may contain genetically modified (GM) DNA or protein. Foods derived from Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) can be sold here only if the GMO has been assessed for safety by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) and approved by the Australia New Zealand Food Regulation Ministerial Council (ANZFRMC). For more details on Food Standards Australia New Zealand’s assessment of the safety of any GM food, see the Food Standards Australia New Zealand website. The GM crops which have been approved as safe for use in food in New Zealand are given here.


To date no GM crops are grown commercially in New Zealand. Any GM food that is imported into New Zealand and is a viable organism would require an approval under the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act (HSNO Act). For information on the processes for assessing applications for GM organisms in New Zealand, see the Environmental Protection Authority website. Check the label - GM foods sold in New Zealand must be labelled ‘genetically modified’ if they contain DNA or protein from a GM source or they have altered characteristics compared to their non-GM counterpart (such as a changed fatty acid profile).


In North America, scientists are developing GE animals for a variety of applications, such as to:

  1. Produce pharmaceuticals to be used for other animals and humans
  2. Decrease the environmental impact of large-scale agricultural practices by decreasing the amount of chemicals such as phosphate in manure, thereby reducing water pollution
  3. Serve as a source of cells, tissue, and organs closely matched to humans so that they may be able to be transplanted into humans without rejection.
  4. Produce high value materials such as those used for surgical sutures and personal protection devices such as body armor for military and law enforcement use.
  5. Produce highly specific antimicrobials that target disease-causing bacteria such </nowiki>E. coli 0157:H7 or Salmonella.
  6. Provide more healthful or more efficiently-produced food.


New Zealand GMO Applications and current status

(Updated September 2011)

All applications for genetically modified food must be assessed on a case-by-case basis by FSANZ.  The assessment report for each application is available by clicking on the link below.


Crop Product Application No Proponent Status
Soybean Glyphosate tolerant soy beanline 40-3-2 A338 Monsanto Australia Approved 2000
High oleic acid soybeans G94-1,G94-19 and G168 A387 Du Pont Approved 2000
Glufosinate ammonium tolerant soy lines A2704-12 and A5547-127 A481 Bayer Crop Science Approved 2004
Glyphosate-tolerant soybean line MON 89788 A592 Monsanto Australia Approved 2008
Herbicide-tolerant Soybean line DP-356043-5 A1006 Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc via SGA Solutions Approved 2010
High oleic acid soybean   line DP-305423-1

 

A1018 Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc via Du Pont Approved 2010
Insect-protected soybean line MON87701 A1035 Monsanto Australia Approved 2010
Stearidonic acid containing soybean line MON87769 A1041 Monsanto Australia Application in progress
Herbicide-tolerant soybean line DAS-68416-4 A1046 Dow AgroSciences Application in progress
Herbicide-tolerant, high oleic acid soybean line MON87705 A1049 Monsanto Australia Approved
Herbicide-tolerant soybean line FG72 A1051 Bayer CropScience Application in progress
Herbicide-tolerant soybean line MON87708 A1063 Monsanto Australia Application in progress
Herbicide-tolerant soybean line BPS-CV127-9 (CV127) A1064 BASF Plant Science Company GmbH Application in progress
Canola Glyphosate tolerant canola GT73 A363 Monsanto Australia Approved 2000
Glufosinate-ammonium- tolerant canola Topaz 19/2 & T45 and glufosinate-ammonium tolerant and pollination controlled lines Ms1, Ms8, Rf1, Rf2 and Rf3 A372 Aventis CropScience Approved 2002
Canola resistant to bromoxynil line Westar Oxy-235 A388 Aventis CropScience Approved 2002
Corn Insect-protected corn MON810 A346 Monsanto Australia Approved 2000
Glyphosate tolerant corn line GA21 A362 Monsanto Australia Approved 2000
Glufosinate ammonium tolerant corn T25 A375 Aventis CropScience Approved 2002
Insect-resistant, glufosinate ammonium corn DBT418 A380 Monsanto Australia Approved 2002
Glufosinate ammonium tolerant DLL25 corn A381 Monsanto Australia Withdrawn
Insect-protected corn (Bt-176) A385 Syngenta Seeds Approved 2001
Insect-protected, glufosinate ammonium tolerant corn line (Bt-11) A386 Syngenta Seeds Approved 2001
Glyphosate tolerant corn line NK603 A416 Monsanto Australia Approved 2002
Insect-resistant, glufosinate ammonium corn line 1507 A446 Dow AgroSciences Approved 2003
Insect resistant corn MON863 A484 Monsanto Australia Approved 2003
Insect protected glufosinate ammonium-tolerant corn line DAS-59122-7 A543 Dow AgroSciences Approved 2005
Insect protected and glyphosate-tolerant corn line MON88017 A548 Monsanto Australia Approved 2006
High Lysine Corn  LY038 A549 Monsanto Australia Approved 2007
Insect-protected corn line MIR604 A564 Syngenta Approved 2006
Amylase-modified corn line 3272 A580 Syngenta Approved 2008
Insect-protected corn line MON89034 A595 Monsanto Approved 2008
Insect-protected corn line MIR162 A1001 Syngenta Approved 2009
Herbicide-tolerant corn line DP-098140-6 A1021 Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc via Du Pont Approved 2010
Drought-tolerant corn line MON87460 A1029 Monsanto Australia Approved 2010
Herbicide-tolerant corn line DAS-40278-9 A1042 Dow AgroSciences Application in progress
Insect- protected corn line 5307 A1060 Syngenta Application in progress
Potato Insect-protected potato lines BT-06,ATBT04-06, ATBT04-31 ATBT04-36, SPBT02-05 A382 Monsanto Australia Approved 2001
Insect- and potato leafroll virus-protected potato lines RBMT21-129, RBMT21-350 and RBMT22-82 A383 Monsanto Australia Approved 2001
Insect- and potato virus Y-protected potato lines RBMT15-101, SEMT15-02 and SEMT15-15 A384 Monsanto Australia Approved 2001
Sugarbeet Glyphosate tolerant sugarbeet GTSB77 A378 Monsanto Australia Approved 2002
Glyphosate-tolerant sugarbeet event H7-1 A525 Monsanto Australia Approved 2005
Cotton Insect resistant cotton lines 531, 757 and 1076 A341 Monsanto Australia Approved 2000
Glyphosate tolerant cotton line 1445 A355 Monsanto Australia Approved 2000
Bromoxynil-tolerant cotton transformation events 10211 and 10222 A379 Stoneville Pedigreed Seed Company and Aventis CropScience Approved 2002
Insect protected cotton event 15985 A436 Monsanto Australia Approved 2002
Insect-protected cotton line COT102 A509 Syngenta Approved 2005
Insect-protected, glufosinate ammonium-tolerant cotton line MXB-13 A518 Dow Agro Sciences Approved 2005
Glufosinate-ammonium-tolerant cotton line LL25 A533 Bayer CropScience Approved 2006
Glyphosate-tolerant cotton line MON88913 A553 Monsanto Australia Approved 2006
Glyphosate-tolerant cotton line GHB614 A614 Bayer CropScience Approved 2009
Insect-protected cotton line COT67B A615 Syngenta Approved 2009
Insect-resistant and herbicide-resistant cotton line T304-40 A1028 Bayer Crop Science Approved 2010
Insect-protected and herbicide-tolerant cotton line GHB119 A1040 Bayer Crop Science Approved 2011
Wheat Glyphosate-tolerant wheat MON 71800 A524 Monsanto Australia Withdrawn 2004
Lucerne Glyphosate-tolerant lucerne lines J101 &J163 A575 Monsanto Approved 2007
Rice Glufosinate ammonium-tolerant rice LLRICE62 A589 Bayer Cropscience Approved 2008

 


In North American Food Supply today:

Food
Properties of the genetically modified variety
Modification
Percent Modified in US
Percent Modified in world
Soybeans
Resistant to glyphosate or glufosinate herbicides Herbicide resistant gene taken from bacteria inserted into soybean 93% 77%
Corn, field (Maize)
Resistant to glyphosate or glufosinate herbicides. Insect resistance via producing Bt proteins, some previously used as pesticides in organic crop production. Vitamin-enriched corn derived from South African white corn variety M37W has bright orange kernels, with 169x increase in beta carotene, 6x the vitamin C and 2x folate.[18] New genes, some from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis, added/transferred into plant genome. 86% 26%
Cotton (cottonseed oil)
Pest-resistant cotton Bt crystal protein gene added/transferred into plant genome 93% 49%
Alfalfa
Resistant to glyphosate or glufosinate herbicides New genes added/transferred into plant genome. Planted in the US from 2005–2007; banned until January 2011 and presently deregulated
Hawaiian papaya
Variety is resistant to the papaya ringspot virus.[19] New gene added/transferred into plant genome 80%
Tomatoes
Variety in which the production of the enzyme polygalacturonase (PG) is suppressed, retarding fruit softening after harvesting.[20] A reverse copy (an antisense gene) of the gene responsible for the production of PG enzyme added into plant genome Taken off the market due to commercial failure. Small quantities grown in China
Canola
Resistance to herbicides (glyphosate or glufosinate), high laurate canola[21] New genes added/transferred into plant genome 93% 21%
Sugar cane
Resistance to certain pesticides, high sucrose content. New genes added/transferred into plant genome
Sugar beet
Resistance to glyphosate, glufosinate herbicides New genes added/transferred into plant genome 95% (2010); planting in 2011 under controlled conditions 9%
Rice
Golden Rice: genetically modified to contain beta-carotene (a source of vitamin A) Current version of Golden Rice under development contains genes from maize and a common soil microorganism.[22] Previous prototype version contained three new genes: two from daffodils and the third from a bacterium Forecast to be on the market in 2013[23]
Squash (Zucchini)
Resistance to watermelon, cucumber and zucchini yellow mosaic viruses[24][25] Contains coat protein genes of viruses. 13%
Sweet Peppers
Resistance to virus[26] Contains coat protein genes of the virus. Small quantities grown in China

In addition, various genetically engineered micro-organisms are routinely used as sources of enzymes for the manufacture of a variety of processed foods. These include alpha-amylase


References & Citations:

  1. http://www.mfe.govt.nz/issues/organisms/ http://www.mfe.govt.nz/issues/organisms/
  2. http://www.mfe.govt.nz/issues/organisms/about-gm/food.html
  3. http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/consumerinformation/gmfoods/gmcurrentapplication1030.cfm
  4. Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S.: Extent of Adoption
  5. Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S.
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